Thanks for reading our newsletter! This document is a collection of the things happening around our community, news in the ortho, business and tech worlds, and other great things we are thinking about and learning! If you have any questions, don’t hesitate to reach out on Twitter or check out our website at orthoconditioning.com.
Ortho Forge Discussion Highlights
Highlights from the Ortho Forge Community. Here is an adaptation from one of our case discussions.
~20 year old. What do you see and what should you do in the ED if this fracture just happened?
AP of a right humerus in a skeletally mature individual with a midshaft humerus fracture. The first thing I would do besides taking a good history and physical examination is checking if the limb is neurovascularly intact, if there are any skin openings, or if there is skin compromise.
Let’s say this is a closed injury. You find a neuro abnormality on your exam (what is the most common nerve to be affected, and how would you do the exam)? What are the treatment options? Do they need surgery?
You worry about the radial nerve in injuries of the midshaft humerus. You should check extension in both the wrist and with extensor pollicis longus (extension of the thumb interphalangeal joint).
With closed humeral shaft fractures, even with a radial nerve palsy, a coaptation splint + functional bracing is an option. (The coaptation splint usually goes on first to allow for swelling, then the sarmiento is placed in the clinic, although during the daytime you can usually get the prosthetic company rep to come and place a sarmiento in the ED). You would just need to follow up regularly with radiographs to ensure good reduction over time. In a closed fracture, that is vascularly intact, with an isolated radial nerve palsy, you can still proceed with non-operative management.
Yes! The radial nerve passes right across the posterior humerus ~20cm proximal to the medial humeral epicondyle, prone to injury/ entrapment due to proximity to bone. My go-to tests for radial nerve function are having patients give you a thumbs up and resist you pushing their distal thumb into flexion, and 1st dorsal web space sensitivity to light touch (documented “SILT” sensation intact to light touch).
Coaptation splints are suitable for swelling/acute periods, and then, patients often transitioned to a sarmiento brace. What xray views do you want to order after you place a coaptation splint? How do you mold the coaptation splint?
“Full humerus, AP and trans-thoracic Lateral for xray views. Coaptation splint starts medial armpit, goes under the elbow and molds up over the shoulder to the base of the neck.”
Exactly, you want to see your reduction within the ballpark of < 20° anterior angulation, < 30° varus/valgus angulation, < 3 cm shortening degrees varus/valgus/AP (the non-op acceptable angulation). You have to specify to get the lateral as a “trans-thoracic lateral” (so the xray tech doesn’t twist the broken arm/screw up your perfect coaptation splint!) You also have to place a serious valgus mold on your coaptation splint; this means pushing the distal part of the fracture away from the body’s midline.
So what do you think about this splint?
The coaptation splint above lacks a valgus mold. (Valgus always means the distal aspect of the extremity is pointing away from the midline. Varus means the distal portion is pointing towards the midline). You have to literally put your hands so that you push the proximal humeral fragment in towards the midline and push the distal portion of the humerus away from the midline (it is more than you would think would be necessary, but these tend to fall into varus, like the picture above and that is not good!).
This event is an important takeaway as well, like @shashank.c brought up. “Even with an isolated radial nerve palsy, you can still proceed with non-operative management.”
As a resident, you will need to decide whether something is operative or non-operative (this can be stressful when it is the middle of the night and you don’t know your operative indications!) Here are the operative signs for humeral shaft fractures from orthobullets.
Orthospin was founded in 2014 in Trendlines technology incubator in Misgav, Israel. It developed a disruptive technology for treating orthopedic external fixation patients. Orthospin’s AutoStrut system converts the traditional tiring manual treatment with an automatic process. It is Composed of 6 motorized struts and a control box placed on top of the circular, hexapod fixation frame; OrthoSpin’s system automatically and continuously adjusts and lengthens the struts according to the prescribed treatment plan. The system eliminates the need to manually adjust up to 1440 adjustments needed along the treatment period.
The firm completed initial U.S. and Israeli clinical cases with the FDA-cleared OrthoSpin Generation 1 system, making pre-programmed adjustments automatically without patient involvement. Integrated software lets physicians chart progress and immediately tweak treatment programs when needed. According to OrthoSpin, the second-generation is more user-friendly, covers all strut range sizes, and is 20 percent lighter. The OrthoSpin G2 system is approved in Israel and cleared for use in the USA and can be used with the DePuy Synthes MAXFRAME Multiaxial Correction System.
Tech, Investing, Entrepreneurship
BitClout Whitepaper: What is BitClout? What are Creator Coins?
BitClout is a social media network built on blockchain technology. Here is an example of a screenshot from the app.
“What’s it about? Well, it’s a newsletter for technological progressives. That means people who are into cryptocurrencies, startup cities, mathematics, transhumanism, space travel, reversing aging, and initially-crazy-seeming-but-technologically-feasible ideas. Basically, if you like @balajis’ past work, you will enjoy this. Go subscribe hereto receive daily updates, and follow @oneseventwonine on Twitter.”